Cause and Effect


This world is known to be darul-asbaab - a place where means are resorted to. The general system of this world is such that when the particular means are adopted, Allah Ta’ala brings into existence the result or effect which is associated with that means. Thus the phenomenon of cause and effect is apparent all around us.

The cause and effect relationship is easily understood in day to day affairs. It is apparent in fire and the effect of burning. Water and the effect of quenching thirst and food and the effect of satisfying hunger also exhibit the same principle. This is clear and well understood by one and all. However, this general system of cause and effect is not restricted to fire and food or to other such mundane aspects. It extends beyond this to the relationship between our actions and the conditions that prevail upon us. It is this relationship that is analysed here, especially in the light of current world events and the general condition of the Ummah all over.



The Ahadith are replete with warnings that certain actions will bring certain specific conditions. In other words these particular actions are a cause which will bring about an effect. In a concise Hadith narrated by Hazrath Abu Hurairah (R.A.) Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) is reported to have said:

1. “When the spoils of war (or other possessions which are jointly owned by many people) will be regarded as personal property.

2. When Amaanat (trust) will be treated like booty (i.e. the trustees themselves will usurp the Amaanat).

3. When Zakaat will be regarded as a tax (this refers to it being treated as a burden i.e. the 2½% that has to be discharged will seem to be a mountain).

4. When knowledge of Deen will be sought for purposes other than Deen (i.e. it will instead be acquired for worldly benefits).

5. When a person will obey his wife (in things that contradict Shari’ah) and will disobey his mother (in permissible things).

6. When the friend will be close to one and the father will be kept far away (i.e. the father will be treated like a stranger).

7. When voices will be raised in the Musjid (in personal talk. Worldly talk is not permitted in the Musjid at all. Even permissible conversations must be in a hushed tone even though nobody else is there who could be disturbed).

8. When the sinners will become leaders.

9. When the leader of a people will be the most worthless among them.

10. When a person will be honoured merely out of fear for his evil.

11. When singing girls and musical instruments will become rife.

12. When liquor (intoxicants) will be consumed (openly).

13. When the latter part of this Ummah will curse the first part of the Ummah (this is the hallmark of the Shia who curse and insult the Sahaaba [R.A.]).


While the abovementioned aspects have occurred in most of the previous generations as well, this Hadith actually warns that the mentioned punishments will befall this Ummah when these vices will become extremely common.



While every word of the Hadith is evident and as clear as daylight, let us consider just one aspect and analyse how rife it has become. Singing girls have become a part of most homes. At a flick of a switch the house has become a cinema. Singing girls “grace” the screen — and disgrace us in the sight of Allah Ta’ala and His beloved Rasul (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). Yet most people do not even give it a second thought. As for musical instruments, even the house of Allah Ta’ala has not been spared. A cellullar phone rings and, Allah Forbid, music pollutes the atmosphere of the Musjid. From the various other ringing tones that are available, the follower of Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) deliberately sets it to ring with a musical tone, thus making the phone also a musical instrument. In the process we are inviting the wrath of Allah Ta’ala upon us, the effect which has been mentioned in the Hadith.

In another Hadith included among the list of vices which will bring down the aforementioned punishments are the following:

* People will forsake Salaah
* Blood will be spilt over trivial things
* Interest will be consumed
* Family ties will be severed
* Divorce will increase drastically
* Leaders and ministers will become accustomed to lying
* A woman will join her husband in his business
* The Qur’an will be sung like musical songs     (Durrul Manthoor)


We are presently living in an era where the depths of immorality have been labelled as “art.” The evil of the despicable crime of zina has almost departed from many hearts as a result of which this grievous sin is committed openly. Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) is reported to have said: “When zina will become widespread, the rate of death will increase. When people will indulge in lewd and immoral behaviour, such diseases will befall them which their forefathers have never heard of” (Targheeb). This Hadith requires no elaboration. All around alarm bells are being sounded about AIDS spreading like wildfire. No vaccine will ever stop it. The abandoning of immoral behaviour and zina will halt it in its tracks.



Among the other aspects mentioned in the Ahadith which highlight the same cause and effect relationship are the following:

* Cheating in weight and measure brings drought, poverty and hardship. Tyrant rulers become the leaders of such people (Mishkaat).

* Cutting off of family ties deprives one of the Mercy of Allah Ta’ala (Mishkaat).

* The wealth which was due for Zakaat but was not discharged destroys the remaining wealth (Mishkaat).

* Not straightening the rows in Salaah causes dissension and disunity (Mishkaat).



Dua is the weapon of the Believer. It draws down the help of Allah Ta’ala. Yet certain actions cause the dua to become ineffective. Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) is reported to have said: “By that being in whose hands is my life, you must most certainly enjoin the right and you must certainly forbid the wrong or else soon a punishment will befall you. You will then supplicate to Allah Ta’ala but your duas will not be answered.” Let us consider to what extent do we fulfil this injunction of Amarbil-ma’roof (enjoining the right) and nahy-anil-munkar (forbidding the evil) in our own houses and to those upon whom we have some authority. Can we then expect our duas to be answered?



The above has detailed to some extent the negative causes that bring negative effects. The converse is also true. Obedience to Allah Ta’ala, charity, good character, maintaining family ties, shukr (gratitude), etc., have the effect of great barakah and blessing in this world. The rewards in the Hereafter are beyond imagination. The point is clear. Just as we do not place our finger in the fire because it will burn us, we should refrain from all the vices — since they bring down calamities and hardship in this world and the Hereafter.

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