Qurbani

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The ibadah of  Qurbani is among the shi’aar (distinguishing features) of Islam. Such importance has been accorded to Qurbani that a severe warning was sounded to those who shirk in performing it despite having the means.  It is reported from Abu Hurairah (radhiallahu anhu) that Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “He who has the means and does not perform Qurbani, he should not approach our musallah (eidgah / place of performing Eid Salaah)” (Ibn Majah, pg.226). This Hadith clearly describes the great importance that Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) accorded to Qurbani.  We can truly appreciate the full impact of this Hadith if we ponder for a moment what a tremendous blessing it was to perform a single salaah behind Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam). Here Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) is prohibiting the person who failed to perform Qurbani, despite having the means, from performing the Eid salaah behind him. This, then, illustrates the tremendous importance of Qurbani in Islam and the reprehensible position of those who ignore this injunction. Hence no true Muslim who has the means will ever omit performing the Qurbani.

 

WAAJIB

It is waajib (necessary) for the one who has the means (1) to perform Qurbani. It is narrated from Ibn Umar (radhiallahu anhu) that Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) remained in Madina for ten years and each year he performed Qurbani (Tirmizi vol.1, pg.277).  This Hadith indicates that Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) performed Qurbani every year that he was in Madina and never omitted this practice. Such strict adherence to this act is a clear indication of it being waajib. Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) is also reported to have said: “He who has slaughtered (his animal) before the Eid salaah should slaughter another in its place (since the first is not acceptable). He who has not slaughtered (any animal as yet for Qurbani) must do so” (Sahih Bukhari). In yet another Hadith Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) is reported to have said: Perform Qurbani since this is the practice of your father Ibrahim (alaihis salaam) (Bazlul Majhood vol.13, pg.7).

 

VIRTUES

The virtues of Qurbani are indeed tremendous. It is reported in a Hadith that the Sahaba (radhiallahu anhum) enquired of Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) as to what the rewards of Qurbani were. Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) replied that the person performing Qurbani will be rewarded for every hair on the body of the animal or for every fibre of wool in the case of sheep” (Mishkaat Vol.1, pg.129).

Sacrificing the animals of Qurbani on the day of Eidul Adha is also the most beloved action to Allah Ta’ala on that day. Aisha (R.A.) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu alaihi wasallam) said: “The son of Adam (alaihis salaam) does not perform any action on the day of nahr (Eidul Adha) which is more beloved to Allah Ta’ala than causing the blood (of the Qurbani animals) to flow” (Tirmizi). On different occasions certain acts enjoy a superior status compared to many other forms of ibadah. On the day of Eidul Adha the sacrificing of animals has been granted this special virtue of being the most beloved action in the sight of Allah Ta’ala.

Therefore no person who has the means should forego this great ibadah. With an open heart one should spend from the wealth that Allah Ta’ala has granted  and purchase the best animal that one can reasonably afford. Hazrath Ebrahim (alaihis salaam) was prepared to sacrifice his son. Surely we can sacrifice some of our wealth!

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(1) “Means” in this context refers to owning nisaab — the equivalent of 87,49g of gold or 613,35g of silver or its equivalent in cash or other zakatable assets which are in excess of the basic necessities of life. For more details contact the Ulama.

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