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What is the need for Fiqh (Jurisprudence) & the Fuqahaa (Jurists)?

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Tuesday, 24 May 2011 08:36

Fiqh and FuqahaaWHAT IS FIQH?

Generally a misconception exists that Fiqh is a science which is in contradiction to the science of Hadeeth. It is sometimes even alleged that if an individual follows Fiqh, he is opposing the Ahaadeeth of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam). This then results in some even saying that Fiqh is mutable and can be changed. However, this is incorrect since Fiqh is not an innovation of latter times. Instead it is actually the explanation and application of the Ahaadeeth.

It is common knowledge to anyone who is familiar with the science of Hadeeth, that one will find apparently contradictory Ahaadeeth regarding a single situation. Some of the reasons for this apparent contradiction are that at times Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam) issued a ruling but it was restricted to a specific situation, or this ruling was later abrogated by another verdict. Now if an individual wants to follow the Hadeeth directly, which of the Ahaadeeth will he follow? Therefore the only option that he has is to follow the Fiqh of a qualified Imaam which will show him the application of these apparently contradictory Ahaadeeth.

Read more: What is the need for Fiqh (Jurisprudence) & the Fuqahaa (Jurists)?

   

A Glimpse of Imaam Abu Haneefah's (Rahmatullahi `Alayh) Expertise in The Science of Hadeeth

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Wednesday, 28 July 2010 22:24

1.  A question was once posed to Imaam Abu Haneefah (rahmatullahi `alayh) whilst seated in the presence of his Ustaadh Imaam A`amash (rahmatullahi `alayh) who was himself an expert in the science of Qiraat and Hadeeth. After answering the question, his Ustaadh Imaam A`amash asked him to furnish evidence for his answer. In support of his answer, Imaam Abu Haneefah began quoting Ahaadeeth which he had heard from Imaam A`amash himself, with their complete chain of transmission up to Rasulullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam. When he completed the sixth Hadeeth, Imaam A`amash stopped him saying, “This is enough, you have narrated to me in a short space of time what I have narrated to you over a period of one hundred days. I never expected you to be practicing on all these Ahaadeeth.

يا معشر الفقهاء ! أنتم الأطباء ونحن الصيادلة

Oh Fuqahaa (jurists)! You are the physicians and we (the narrators of the Ahaadeeth) are the dispensers.”    (He meant that the narrators of Ahaadeeth merely narrate the Ahaadeeth just as a pharmacist dispenses medication, but the Fuqahaa show the application of these Ahaadeeth just as a doctor prescribes the appropriate medication for the appropriate illness). Thereafter Imaam A`amash addressed Imaam Abu Haneefah saying:

وأنت أيها الرجل أخذت بكلا الطرفين

“But you have achieved both aspects (i.e. you are a Muhaddith and a Faqeeh; you narrate Ahaadeeth and also explain its correct application).” (Manaaqibul Imaamil A`azam - `Ali Al-Qaari, with Al- Jawaahirul Mudeeah, vol. 2, pg. 484).

Read more: A Glimpse of Imaam Abu Haneefah's (Rahmatullahi `Alayh) Expertise in The Science of Hadeeth

   

Is it Necessary to Follow an Imaam? Can I not Refer Directly to the Hadith

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Sunday, 06 June 2010 19:52

In this belated era, one often hears questions about the need to follow an Imaam or a Mazhab. The ear-catching slogan of “DIRECTLY” following the Qur`aan and Hadeeth is heard more frequently. The answer to such questions and the reality behind these slogans is highlighted by the following eye-opening incident, which has been reported by Imaam Ahmad bin Hambal and Imaam Tahaawi (rahmatullahi `alayhima). Once `Urwah bin Zubair (rahmatullahi `alayh) addressed `Abdullah bin `Abbaas (radhiyallahu `anhuma) thus:

“You have led the people astray Oh Ibnu `Abbaas!”

When `Abdullah bin `Abbaas (radhiyallahu `anhuma) inquired about the reason, `Urwa (rahmatullahi `alayhi) mentioned a ruling pertaining to the laws of Hajj which `Abdullah bin `Abbaas (radhiyallahu `anhuma) had issued contrary to the ruling of Abu Bakr and `Umar (radhiyallahu `anhuma). `Abdullah bin `Abbaas (radhiyallahu `anhuma) replied: “This is the exact reason why you have been led astray. I am narrating from Rasoolullah Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam and you are opposing it with the view of Abu Bakr and `Umar (radhiyallahu `anhuma).” `Urwah (rahmatullahi `alayh) said to Ibnu `Abbaas (radhiyallahu `anhuma):

“Indeed Abu Bakr and `Umar (radhiyallahu `anhuma) were more knowledgeable about the Sunnah of Rasoolullah sallallahu alayhi wasallam than you." (Musnad Ahmad, vol. 4, pg. 132, No. 2277, Sharhu Ma`aanil Aathaar, vol. 1, pg. 423).

Read more: Is it Necessary to Follow an Imaam? Can I not Refer Directly to the Hadith

   
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