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Qurbani & Unpaid Debts


Once again people are preparing to observe the great occasion of Eid-ul-Adha and Qurbani. Many have already even booked animals from farmers.

Nevertheless, several complaints have been received, some of them from non-Muslim farmers, that many people who purchased animals for last year's Qurbani have not yet settled their accounts. One non-Muslim farmer even threatened to go to the press to highlight his plight.
This is indeed totally unacceptable. Qurbani is an Ibaadat. It should not be performed at the expense of others. Besides, it creates a poor impression of the Muslim community in the eyes of non-Muslim farmers.

Hadhrat Abu Musa (Radhiallaahu anhu) narrates: Rasulullah (Sallallaahu ءlayhi Wasallam) said, 
'Verily the greatest of sins to Allah with which a man shall meet Him after the great sins which Allah prohibited is his debt outstanding at death but leaving nothing for its payment.' (Ahmad; Abu Dawud)

The severity of not fulfilling one's debt is well-known. It is reported in the Ahaadith that if the debt is not paid in this world, on the day of Qiyaamat the good deeds of the debtor will be given to the creditor as compensation. If the debtor has no good deeds to his credit, the sins of the creditor will be transferred to him.

Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) is reported to have said,

"All sins of a martyr are forgiven except debt." (Mishkat).

In another Hadith it is reported that Rasulullah (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wasallam) would not perform the Janaza Salaat of a person who had unpaid debts and he did not leave behind sufficient funds to fulfill them (Mishkat).
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