Qurbani Masaa'il


Saturday, 08 December 2007 14:33

  • Qurbaani is Wajib (necessary) on a person on whom Sadqe-e-Fitr is wajib.
  • Qurbaani is not necessary upon a traveller.
  • The days of Qurbaani begin from the 10th after Eid salaat up to sunset of the 12th Zil-Hijjah. The sacrifice may be made during the course of these three days. It is however, best to slaughter on the day of Nahr (Eid-ul-Adha), then on the 11th and thereafter on the 12th day till sunset only.

  • It is better to slaughter one's own Qurbaani with one's own hands. Should one not be able to slaughter than at least be present when the animal is being slaughtered.
  • Qurbaani is only wajib on one's self and not necessary on behalf of any other member of the family. If there is a minor in the family and is rich, then too it is not necessary to make Qurbaani on his behalf either from his own wealth or from the minor's wealth. If Qurbaani is made on behalf of the minor then the purchasing money should not be taken from the minor's wealth. Such a Qurbaani will be regarded as Nafil.
  • Seven people are allowed to take part in the sharing of a cow , camel, buffalo for Qurbani, but the condition is that not one person's share should be less than 1/7 of the cow, and everyone's intention must be of Qurbaani or Aqeeqa. If anyone of the shareholder's share is less than 1/7 then no ones Qurbaani will be correct, (even those who have given a full share).
  • If seven people have a share in a cow then it is incorrect (not permissible) to share the meat according to one's discretion, but it must be weighed and divided equally. It is a sinful act to take more and the best of everything since everyone has an equal share. If the head, legs and skin are taken in one share then it is allowed to take a bigger share of meat from that share.
  • A sheep purchased for Qurbaani MUST be a year old and above, otherwise the Qurbaani will not be valid. However should the sheep be below one year, but it is so fat that when it is left among the year old ones and one cannot make any difference between them then such an animal is correct to sacrifice. A cow MUST be 2 years and above in age.
  • An animal which is blind or blind of one eye or 1/3 or more of its eyesight is lost, or 1/3 or more of its ear is cut or 1/3 or more of its tail is cut, then such an animal is not fit for Qurbaani.
  • An animal which is so cripple that it walks only on three legs, the 4th leg is not put on the ground or it is being put onto the ground but the animal cannot walk with it, then it will be incorrect to make Qurbaani of such an animal. If in walking it supports on that leg and gets help with it but walks cripple then its Qurbaani is correct.
  • An animal which is so thin and totally lean that the bones have no marrow left, is not fit for Qurbaani (not valid). If on the other hand the animal is not so thin , then because of its leanness there is no harm in making Qurbaani, but a fat and fresh animal is always preferred.
  • It is incorrect to make Qurbaani of an animal which has no teeth and if some of the teeth have fallen off but those remaining are more than those which have fallen off, then it is correct to make Qurbaani of such an animal.
  • An animal which has no ears since birth, its Qurbaani is not correct and if it has very small ears then the Qurbaani is valid.
  • An animal which has no horns since birth or it had horns but broke, the Qurbaani of it is correct. If the horns are broken from the roots the the Qurbaani is not correct.
  • An animal is bought for the purpose of Qurbaani and after the purchase of the animal a fault is found in the animal which makes it incorrect for Qurbaani then another animal will have to be purchased in its place. If it is a poor person on whom Qurbaani is not wajib, then it is correct for him to sacrifice the defected animal.
  • The meat of the Qurbaani animal can be consumed by oneself, given to relatives and distributed to the poor. It is better that 1/3 be kept for oneself, 1/3 distributed among relatives and friends and 1/3 be distributed to the poor and needy. If a person keeps all the meat for himself then too it is correct.
  • The money received from the sale of the skin of the Qurbaani animal must be given to the poor.
  • Any meat, fat or unusable part of flesh cannot be given to the butcher-man for his labour. He must be paid for his labour.
  • The rope etc., used to fasten the animal should be given away as charity.
  • If Qurbaani is not WAJIB on a person but he buys an animal for that purpose then it is WAJIB for him to sacrifice that animal.
  • If Qurbaani is Wajib on a person and the days of Qurbaani pass by and he has failed to sacrifice then he should give for charity the value of a sheep or a goat and if he had bought it already then that very same animal should be given away as charity.
  • If anyone out of his own wish makes Qurbaani for passing over the sawaab to a deceased person then the meat of the sacrificed animal can be consumed by oneself, given to the poor or fed to others.
  • If a person is not present here and another person sacrifices on his behalf without his (person not present) permission then this Qurbaani is not correct. If seven people are sharing an animal and one part of the share is given to a person without his permission then the Qurbaani of the other shareholders will also be incorrect.
  • If some people get together and buy an animal e.g. a cow on share basis and then decide to give the whole animal to the poor and friends or the whole animal is fed to these people it is lawful and the Qurbaani is valid. If the shareholders decide to divide it among themselves then it must be equally divided.
  • The Qurbaani meat can also be given to people of other faiths conditionally that it is not given as a reward or payment for labour.
  • If at the time of making Qurbaani of a cow, goat, sheep and the animal is pregnant and after slaughtering the calf is found to be alive then that calf should also be slaughtered.
  • When slaughtering it is not necessary to read the niyyat (intention) and dua aloud. If one has decided in ones' heart that I am making Qurbaani and has not uttered anything but only Bismillah-Allahu-Akbar and slaughtered, then also the Qurbaani is correct.