Sulook

Purpose and reality of bay`at

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Tuesday, 13 April 2010 21:18

Q: Who is a mureed?

A: Moulana Wakeel Abdullah Jaan Sahib had asked Hadhrat Saharanpuri Rahmatullahi Alayhi, “What is bay`at and what is its purpose?”

Hadhrat Saharanpuri replied, “The mureed repents and he makes the muraad (shaikh) a witness to it.” Moulana used to say that that was the first time he heard the word muraad being used in the meaning of shaikh. However, it created a doubt as to what was the need for the shaikh to be a witness to the taubah of the mureed whereas Allah Ta`ala is well aware of the conditions of one’s heart. (Allah is well aware of the deceiving eye and the things that the heart conceals.) [19:40] The answer immediately came to mind that in the aakhirat (hereafter) every person’s limbs will bear testimony to his actions. Thus, why is there a need for this objection?

Moulana Wakeel Sahib was a well-researched and extensively read personality and he had come to Hadhrat Saharanpuri with the intention of discussing his doubts and queries. However in this short discussion all his doubts were dispelled.

Thereafter, he requested Hadhrat Saharanpuri to allow him to take bay`at at his hands. Hadhrat asked him, “What is the need for you to take bay`at?” He replied, “I have never done anything regarding it to be necessary. My lifestyle is that of the English but that is not necessary. Similarly, I eat English styled food and that too is not necessary. In the like manner, I have married an English woman and that also is not necessary. Likewise is the condition of my taking bay`at at your hands.

Hadhrat had then accepted him for bay`at and prescribed for him the zikr of the ism-e-zaat as much as possible.

He would experience unique conditions and Allah Ta`ala had blessed him abundantly.

   

Can a female initiate others for bay`at?

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Tuesday, 13 April 2010 21:16

Q: Can females initiate others for bay`at?

A: The statement of Hadhrat Gangohi is reported in Tazkirat-ur-Rasheed (vol 2, pg 337) where he mentioned, “If women were allowed to initiate others for bay`at then my Safiyyah would have been initiating others for bay`at.

   

Interpreting the statements and actions of the pious

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Tuesday, 13 April 2010 21:14

Q: Why is it that when a pious person does an action that apparently contradicts the shari`ah then an excuse is presented for his action, but this is not the case if a layman has to do the very same action?

A: The lives of the pious are always in conformity to the shari`ah. Therefore, it is very seldom that they will commit an action against shari`ah. Thus, it will be weighed against the rest of their actions and in the light thereof an explanation will be given for their action.

Firstly, no proof is required to have good thoughts of a believer; because his Islam alone demands that others have good thoughts of him. However, when a believer is fulfilling the injunctions of the shari`ah entirely and he refrains from evil actions then this enhances the good thought. Thereafter, as one’s steadfastness on the injunctions of shari`ah strengthen so too will good thoughts of him increase. This continues to a stage where people now begin following such a person and accepting his words. If at this stage a person commits an action that apparently contradicts the shari`ah, then all his previous actions prove that it is impossible for such a person to utter such a statement or commit such an action. For example, if a person who is an ardent follower of the sunnat and every facet of his life is enshrouded by the nooraniyyat of the sunnat claims to be a rasul or a nabi, what will one say? Nobody can declare that his emulation of the sunnat was incorrect and that his pious actions were incorrect. Instead, an explanation and an interpretation will be given for his statement. It will be said that he had meant that he is the servant of the rasul and a follower of the nabi.

   

Remedy for anger

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Tuesday, 13 April 2010 21:13

If you are angered due to someone’s actions that are against your temperament then swallow your anger by thinking that this is a means of my sins being forgiven. Just as a laundry removes the dirt from clothing, similarly this person is purifying my heart from sins.
   

Method of musaalahat (reconciliation)

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Tuesday, 13 April 2010 21:10

When two parties resolve in reconciling then it is necessary for each of them to realise that he had committed errors and trampled the rights of the opposite party which is contrary to the teachings of Allah Ta`ala and His Rasul Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam and that its punishment is severe. Thereafter one should be remorseful for one’s actions and should be prepared to compensate the other party irrespective of the amount of sacrifice one will have to undergo. If this is the type of eagerness that one has at heart then this is a genuine musaalahat which will be the means to the end of the dispute and drawing the mercy of Allah Ta`ala. However, if this is not the cause for them reconciling, but rather due to some external force like greed, fear, disrepute or the fear of disgrace then this is not a genuine musaalahat but mukhaada`at (deception). Each party will attempt to deceive the next and the basis of their dispute will not be eliminated. Instead, it will settle deeper into their hearts and the outcome of this is obvious.
   

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