Beliefs

Is The Rank of Man Higher Than That of Angels?

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Sunday, 16 May 2010 22:59

Question:

Is the rank of man higher than that of angels?

 

Answer:

Some human beings like the ambiyaa and especially Nabi sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam are higher in rank than the angels. However, some angels like those who are appointed to bring wahi (revelation) are of a higher rank than some human beings like the general masses. The common and general masses amongst humans have a greater rank then the common angels. This detail appears in the in the following text of Sharh-ul-Aqaa’id:

   

Taqdeer (Pre-Destination)

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Sunday, 16 May 2010 22:49

A teacher at Madrasah Khaadimul Islaam, Hapur, enquired, “Hadhrat! Apparently, some aayaat (verses) of the Qur’an show that the servant is majboor (compelled) and this substantiates the view of the Jabariyya sect. The answers given by the Ahl-us-Sunnah are unsatisfactory and there still remains confusion in the belief of taqdeer.

Hadhrat Mufti Sahib replied, “In Mishkaat Shareef (vol 1, pg 22) Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Radhiyallahu Anhu) reports that once Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam had come to them whilst they were discussing the belief of taqdeer. On hearing them Nabi Sallallahu Alayhi Wasallam became so angry that his blessed countenance turned red and then he said, ‘Is this what you have been commanded with or was I commissioned with this? Those before were destroyed once they began discussing the belief of taqdeer. I command you not to discuss the belief of taqdeer."

Thereafter Hadhrat Mufti Sahib remarked: “This world is despicable and perishable. Everything on it is also to perish. The time for its destruction has been fixed and until then it will remain beneficial. Beyond that, it will be of no use. Take for example power and strength. If someone is asked to carry a hundred kilograms of stone, you will say that he does not have the strength to carry it, or if someone is asked to read something written on a wall two hundred metres away, you will say that his sight is not so strong. Similarly, if one is asked to buy an incredibly expensive item, you will say that he does not have enough money. In short, these three things viz. sight, strength and money reached their limitations. Everybody agrees with there being a limitation to strength and wealth. Intelligence is similar, in that it reaches its limit and cannot perceive anything beyond that. Thus, there are certain things that are imperceptible and one will simply have to accept it.

Regard the belief of taqdeer to be from those beliefs that one’s understanding cannot fully grasp. Hence, there is no need to understand nor explain it. It is necessary to believe in it without full understanding. Just as one acknowledges being deficient in every other sphere, by the same token one needs to admit being deficient even in intelligence and reasoning.

   

Shaitaan Doesn’t Have The Ability to Harm a Person in The Grave

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Sunday, 16 May 2010 22:46

Question:

Does shaitaan have the ability to cause harm to a person in the grave?

 

Answer:

He does not have the ability to destroy a dead person’s Imaan. Nevertheless, he has the ability to cause mischief before burial by entering the bodies of the deceased. That is why the hadeeth prohibits us from leaving the mayyit (dead body) alone.

   

Is Kufr Decreed?

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Sunday, 16 May 2010 22:36

Objection:

Why are the disbeliever's punished for their disbelief when it is predestined?


Answer:

In a debate with an Aryan, Moulana Murtadha Hasan Sahib Chandpoori (Rahmatullahi Alayh) was asked if he accepts the principle: فعل الحكيم لايخلو عن الحكمة i.e. The action of the Wise Being is not void of wisdom.

Moulana replied in the negative. Allamah Anwar Shah Kashmiri (Rahmatullahi Alayh), who was present, asked Moulana as to why he denied such an accepted principle.

Moulana replied, “If I had accepted it, then the Aryan would have said that disbelief is the action of Allah Ta`ala which is not void of wisdom. What answer would I have then given? Furthermore, this is not a verse of the Qur’an (so it will not amount to sin if I deny it.).”

   

Tasarruf

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Sunday, 16 May 2010 22:32

Question:

What is the law with respect to holding the belief of tasarruf i.e. believing that someone besides Allah Ta`ala controls the universe?[1]

 

Answer:

It is kufr (disbelief) to believe that anyone besides Allah Ta`ala has the power of controlling the affairs of the universe. One needs to distance himself from such beliefs.

 


[1] Another answer to this that is given in Sharh-ul-`Aqaaid (pg 79) is that the questioner is confused because of being unable to differentiate between qadha and muqtadha.

Qadha (judgement) is a quality of Allah that is also called iraadah (intention). 

One needs to be pleased with this. Kufr is a quality of a kaafir and the result of qadha. To be pleased with this (result) is kufr

The kuffaar are not pleased with qadha (Allah’s quality), but with the muqtadha (result) i.e. kufr. In short, they are not pleased with what they ought to be pleased with. Instead, they are pleased with something that to be pleased with it is kufr. Therefore, they will be punished.

   
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