Home Faqihul Ummah Malfoozaat (Anecdotes) Aqaaid Tawsee-e-Qudrat or Imkan-e-kizb

Tawsee-e-Qudrat or Imkan-e-kizb


Hazrat once said: There are two categories of impossible (mumtani`)things. One is that which is impossible in itself (mumtani` bidh- dhzaat)

The second is that which is possible in itself but because of some other reason it is impossible.
If that reason was absent then the impossibility will also cease to exist. Attributing to Allah the possibility of saying that which is not true is, in itself, possible but due to other reasons it is impossible. The gist of this is that a person who is promised Jannat it is possible in itself that he be sent to Jahannum. However it is impossible due to some other reason i.e. Allah's promise that he will not be sent. Nevertheless Allah indeed has the ability to send him to Jahannum but due to His promise he will not send him.

Similarly a person who is promised Jahannum, Allah most certainly has the ability to admit him into Jannat but Allah will not do so because He is true to His word. This is called Imkan-e-kizb.

For example the verse of the Qur'an:

و ما كان الله ليعذبهم وانت فيهم

Allah will not punish them whilst you are amongst them [8: 33]

In this verse Allah has promised not to punish the disbelievers and it is true that Allah will not punish them. However Allah definitely has the power to do so as mentioned in another verse of the Qur'an:

In another verse Allah Ta`ala says:
و لو شئنا لاتينا كل نفس هداها ولكن حق القول مني لاملأ ن جهنم من الجنة والناس اجمعين
Had we willed we would have guided every person to the straight path but I have decided to fill Jahannum with jinn and man. [32: 13]
In this verse Allah has promised to fill Jahannum with man and jinn but He also mentions that he nonetheless has the ability to do the contrary as he says: "Had we wished we would have guided every soul". If everyone is guided how will Jahannum then be filled? Who will then go into Jahannam?

It appears in the Hadith that Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam took the names of certain Sahabah (r.a.) and said that they are jannatis (dwellers of paradise). Amongst them was also Hadhrat Umar (r.a). Hadrat Umar (r.a) knew of this saying of Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam. Despite this, he would secretly repeatedly ask Hazrat Huzaifah (r.a) as to whether his name was included in the list of the munafiqeen. Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam had disclosed the names of the munafiqeen to Hadhrat Huzaifah ibn Yaman (r.a).

A munafiq cannot enter Jannat as mentioned in the Qur'an:

Hadhrat Umar (r.a) asked Hadhrat Huzaifa (r.a) as to whether he was on the list of the munafiqeen despite being promised Jannat because Allah indeed has full power to do as He pleases.

In another hadith it is mentioned that Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam used to become extremely worried when rain clouds used to appear. Sahaba (r.a) asked : "O Nabi of Allah! People are generally joyous upon seeing rain clouds. Why do you become worried?"

Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam replied : "Punishment had come to some of the past nations in the form of clouds. What surety do I have that there is no punishment in these clouds."

Despite Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam being promised that no widespread punishment was to befall his ummat yet he used to become so perturbed because he knew that Allah does as He pleases.

This is mentioned in the following verse:

فلما رأوه عارضا مستقبل اوديتهم قالوا هذا عارض ممطرنا بل هو ما استعجلتم به ريح فيها ...عذاب اليم تدمر كل شىء بامر ربها

When they saw the clouds coming towards their valley they said, "This is a cloud that will shower rain on us". Nay it is the calamity you were asking to be hastened. A wind wherein is a grievous punishment. It will destroy every thing by the command of its Lord. Then by the morning nothing was to be seen but the ruins of their houses. Thus do we recompense the sinful ones. [46: 24]

Hadrat Shaykhul Hind (r.a) called this Imkan-e-Kizb "Tawsi`-e-Qudrat" i.e. showing the expanse of the power of Allah Ta`ala.
قل هو القادر على عن يبعث عليكم عذابا من فوقكم او من تحت ارجلكم
Say : He (Allah) is able to send upon you a punishment from above you or from beneath your feet. [6: 65]
و لو شئنا لاتينا كل نفس هداها ولكن حق القول مني لاملأ ن جهنم من الجنة والناس اجمعين
Had we willed we would have guided every person to the straight path but I have decided to fill Jahannum with jinn and man. [32: 13]
ان المنافقين فى الدرك الاسفل من النار
Verily the Munafiqeen are in the lowest stage of Jahannum [4: 145].
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