Discussion of Imam Abul Hasan Ash`ari with Juba'ee regarding the above


Thursday, 18 October 2007 18:47

Imam Abul Hasan Ash`ari rahmatullahi alayhi asked his teacher Abu Ali Juba'ee,

"How will Allah deal with three brothers one of whom was pious, the second was a sinner and the third passed away during infancy?"
Juba'ee answered, "Allah will admit the pious brother into Jannat, the sinful brother into Jahannum and the infant brother will be sent to A`raf (a stage between Jannat and Jahannum)."

On hearing this Imam Asha`ri said, "Sir, the answer was simple and clear but I failed to understand it."

He then asked, "What answer will Allah give if the infant brother says, 'O Allah! Why did you cause me to die during infancy? You should have allowed me to live so that I could have carried out good actions and thereby enter Jannat?'"

Abu Ali replied, "Allah will say, 'I knew that had you grown up you would have disobeyed me. So the most beneficial thing for you was that I save you from Jahannum by taking away your life during infancy."

Imam Ash'ari then said, "What answer will Allah then give if the sinner has to ask Allah, 'Why did you not give me also death during infancy so I would also have abstained from sin and be saved from Jahannum?'"

On hearing this Abu Ali was dumbfounded and unable to answer.

Shaikh Abul Hasan Ash`ari had thereafter abandoned Abu Ali Juba'ee and formulated the usool (principles) of the Ahlus Sunnah Wal Jama`ah. The Asha`irah are attributed to him.

(Sharh ul Aqaa'id pg 6)