Home Faqihul Ummah Malfoozaat (Anecdotes) Aqaaid Umoor-e-Takweeni and the incident of Hadrat Moosa and Hadrat Khizr

Umoor-e-Takweeni and the incident of Hadrat Moosa and Hadrat Khizr


Question: What is meant by umoor-e-takweeniyyah?

Answer: This is actually another term for the knowledge of Allah. Allah Ta`ala had planned before the creation of everything that a certain event will take place in a particular manner. An event occurring in accordance with the plan of Allah Ta`ala is called takween. For example, it was predestined that a certain person will die at a certain age. His passing away at that precise time is called takween. 
Question: Do the sufis have any role in the takween?

Answer: Hadrat Moosa عليه السلام had met Hadrat Khizr عليه السلام and asked him for permission to remain with him and that he impart to him some of his knowledge.

Hadrat Khizr replied: "This is not within your ability. You will raise objections and will be disturbed by every action of mine. To what extent will I continue explaining to you? I will become tired by continuously explaining to you."

Hadrat Moosa said: "Insha-Allah, this will not happen."

Hadrat Khizr replied: "Fine! The condition is that you do not question me about anything you see."

Hadrat Moosa عليه السلام agreed and promised to comply.

As they were travelling, at one place they boarded a ship. Hadrat Khizr damaged the ship a little. Hadrat Moosa عليه السلام could not restrain himself and said, "These poor people allowed us to board the ship without charging a fee and you have now damaged their ship! What! Do you wish to drown the people on board!"

Hadrat Khizr replied: "You had promised not to ask any questions and you are now questioning me!"

Hadrat Moosa عليه السلام excused himself and replied, "I had forgotten."

As they continued further, they saw a young boy playing with few other children. Khizr عليه السلام caught hold of him and killed him.

Hadrat Moosa said, "Why have you killed this innocent child?"

Hadrat Khizr replied, "Have you forgotten your promise once again?"

Hadrat Moosa said, "If I question you once more or object then you may part from me."

They continued on their journey until they reached a town where they saw a wall about to collapse. Khizr leaned against it and repaired it. Hadrat Moosa said, "You should have taken some remuneration for straightening the wall so that it could be of some benefit to us."

Hadrat Khizr then said, "Now, part from me. You are unable to remain with me. Go, in the protection of Allah!"

Thereafter Khizr عليه السلام explained his actions thus:

"I had damaged the ship because there was an oppressive king ahead. Whenever he saw a ship in good condition, he would forcefully take it with his authority and would declare it to belong to the state. Outwardly, damaging the ship seemed to be ruining it but in reality the owners of the ship were not harmed and their ship was saved.

The child who was killed was born a disbeliever. Had he lived he would have done evil and his parents would have been harmed by his actions.

Finally, the wall belonged to two orphans whose father was a pious person. He had buried a treasure for them beneath that wall. If the wall had fallen, someone would have taken that treasure. Hence I straightened the wall, so that these orphans will themselves remove the treasure after becoming of age."

All these things that Khizr عليه السلام had done were takweeni and Moosa's عليه السلام objecting to it was tashree`ee, due to these actions outwardly contradicting the Shari`ah. It was his duty to object, because it is incorrect for a Sahib-e-Shari`at (a person obligated to propagate the Shari`ah) to remain silent upon seeing something in conflict to the teachings of the Shari`ah.
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