Fluctuation of Iman

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Question: From these two ayats (verses):

فأما الذين آمنوا فزادتهم ايمانا

the revelation of this surah increases the faith of the believers [9:124]

واذا تليت عليهم اياته زادتهم ايمانا

and when the verses of Allah Ta`ala are recited to them it increases their iman [8:2]
 

it is understood that fluctuation does occur in iman whereas the view of Imam Abu Hanifah is: 

   الايمان لا يزيد و لا ينقص

Iman does not fluctuate

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Answer: There is no fluctuation in the actual Iman. Yes, with regards to the elements of faith, Iman can fluctuate. For example, ten ayaat were revealed and one believes in them. Thereafter another ten ayaat were revealed and one brought Iman in that also.

So it is evident that before the second ten ayaat were revealed one's iman was lesser with respect to the elements of faith. After the second ten ayaat were revealed one's iman increased in this respect.

In the two ayaat mentioned above, this is the meaning of the increase in Iman.

 

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