Loopholes in the Qur'an

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Once as I was coming out of Musjid-e-Nabawi, a person caught hold of my hand and asked me, "From where do the fuqaha show all these loopholes?" 


I replied, "See! In the Qur'an Karim , Allah Ta`ala mentioned the incident of Ayyub عليه السلام . When he had taken a vow to beat his wife a hundred times Allah Ta`ala then showed him the follwoing solution:

وخذ بيدك ضغثا فاضرب به ولاتحنث
Take a sheaf of straw in your hand and strike with it and do not break your oath. .[38:44].

Hadrat Ayyub عليه السلام himself was such a great prophet that Allah Ta`ala himself mentions regarding him:

اولائك الذين هدى الله فبهدهم اقتده
These were such personalities whom Allah had guided. So follow their path. [6:90].

Also, it appears in the Qur'an:

ومكروا ومكرالله
They had planned and plotted and Allah Ta`ala also had a secret plan. [3:54]

In another verse it appears:

انهم يكيدون كيدا واكيد كيدا
They plot a plan and I too have a secret plan. [87:15/16]

In the story of Yusuf عليه السلام Allah Ta`ala mentions the incident where his utensil was hidden in his brother's luggage with the following words:

كذالك كدنا ليوسف
We had made this plan for the sake of Yusuf [12:76]

In this verse, Allah Ta`ala has attributed kayd (plotting and planning) to himself.

Imam Muhammad رحمة الله عليه does not term this as a heelah (loophole), but rather in Kitabul Makharij he has written that this is a makhraj (way out) for one who is trapped. Just as it is mentioned in the Qur'an:

ومن يتق الله يجعل له مخرجا
Whoever fears Allah Ta`ala, He will make a way out for him. [65:2]

I then asked him, "But now, you show me where is it established that on coming out of the masjid you can catch hold of someone's hand and debate with him - especially when Nabi صلى الله عليه و سلم is resting close by?" He immediately let go of my hand.
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