Tafseer and ta`weel

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The meaning of tafseer is to expound on the objective of Allah Ta`ala. Tafseer has three requirements.

1) The literal meaning or commonly used figurative meaning is applied.

2) The statement of a sahabi should support the meaning.

3) The meaning should not contradict any clear shar`i text.

If one of these requirements is not found, the explanation is termed as ta'weel-e-qareeb. If two are not found, it is termed as ta'weel-e-ba`eed. And if all three are not found, then this is tahreef (distortion). This entire explanation appears in Tafseer-e-`Azeezi. 
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