Home Faqihul Ummah Malfoozaat (Anecdotes) Quran Male and Female in the Verse of Stealing and Zina

Male and Female in the Verse of Stealing and Zina

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In the verse:

السارق والسارقة فاقطعوا ايديهما
Cut the hand of the male and female thief.) [6: 41],

the male is mentioned first and in the verse:

الزانية والزانى فاجلدوا كل واحد منهما ماءة جلدة
Flog the adulteress and adulterer a hundred stripes [24: 2],

the female is mentioned first.

Hadrat Shaikhul Hindرحمة الله عليه explained that the reason for mentioning it in this sequence is that both these actions are despised acts. The one from whom this crime is more contemptible has been mentioned first.

The basis of zina (adultery) is immorality and women are naturally more bashful than men. Therefore, the woman's committing adultery is more despised than that of a man. That is why the female has been mentioned first in the verse of zina (adultery.)

Theft is based on one's weakness and inability to earn. A man is more capable of earning than women. Hence, his theft will be more despised compared to the theft of a woman. Therefore, in the verse of theft mention was made of the male first.

Hadrat Thanwi رحمة الله عليه has given another explanation. He said that theft in most instances is perpetrated by men due to its being based on courage, which is found to a greater extent in men. Therefore, the male was mentioned first in the verse of theft.

Adultery, on the other hand is perpetrated by women, because they initiate the advancement and without their consent it cannot be committed. Therefore, the female was mentioned first in the verse of zina (adultery).
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