Hadith

Reconciling between two contradictory ahadith

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Saturday, 27 October 2007 13:08

Question: One understands from the hadith: كنت نبيا و ادم بين الماء والطين (I was a Nabi whilst Adam was still in clay form), that Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam was appointed as a nabi before the creation of Hadrat Adam (a.s). However, it is recorded in the books of seerat and history that Nabi sallallahu alayhi wasallam received nubuwwat at the age of forty. So there is a contradiction between these two narration.

Read more: Reconciling between two contradictory ahadith

   

Establishing a Sunnat by a da`eef (weak) narration

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Saturday, 27 October 2007 13:07

Hadrat once said: A sunnat can be established by a da`eef hadith. However to establish a sunnat-e-muakkadah (emphasised sunnat) one will need a qawiy (strong) narration.

Hadhrat then said, "I had a copy of Sifrus Sa`adah. I recorded in its footnotes all those ahadith through which sunnats are established. 
   

Reconciling the ahadith pertaining to the sunnat salah of Fajr

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Saturday, 27 October 2007 13:07

Hadrat once said: When a person reaches the masjid when the Jama`at of Fajr has begun then one option is to join the salah without offering the sunnat salah and and another is to offer the two rakaats Sunnah outside the masjid first and then join the salah. If you join then you will have to remain sitting after the salah until the sun had risen a little and thereafter offer the two sunnah of Fajr.

This is because if you offer the sunnat salaah when the jama`at had begun you would be going against the hadith that states:

اذا اقيمت الصلاة فلا صلاة الا المكتوبة
Once the Jama`at begins no salah besides the Fard salah must be offered.

If you don't offer the sunnah salaah then you will be acting contradictory to the hadith that states:

لا تدعوهما و لو طردتكم الخيل
Do not leave them i.e. the sunnats of Fajr even though horses may trample you!

If you offer the sunnat immediately after the Fard salaah then you will be contradicting the hadith that states:

لا صلاة بعد الصبح حتى تطلع الشمس
There is no salah after the fardh of Fajr until sunrise.

Therefore, Imam Abu Hanifah adopted the following method so that the apparently contradictory ahadith may be reconciled: If one will be able to join the Imam in the salah after reading the sunnats, then he should first offer the sunnats of Fajr and thereafter join the Imam. If one will not be able to join the Imam if he offers the sunnats then he should first join the imam and offer the sunnats after sunrise.
   

Conqueror of Iran

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Saturday, 27 October 2007 13:06

The conqueror of Iran is Hadhrat Umar r.a himself. The conquest of Iran had taken place during his reign of khilafat. Therefore the extent of hatred that the Iranians have for Umar is understandable. They were originally fire worshippers. After jihad was waged against them, the opportunity to reform them did not arise and they therefore remained deficient. Neither did they become Arabs nor Persians nor Turks.

Another noteworthy point is that the closest neighbouring land to Arabia is Persia. Allah mentions in the Qur'an:

قاتلوا الذين يلونكم من الكفار
Fight against the kuffar who are close to you. [9: 123].

This verse holds true for the Persians. In another verse Allah says:

اولى بأس شديد تقاتلونهم او يسلمون
You will be called to fight a people who are very fierce fighters. You wil either fight them or they will come to you in submission. [48: 16]
This verse refers to them as well. 
   

The first person to initiate the compilation of the Qur'an

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Saturday, 27 October 2007 13:05

Hadhrat Umar r.a was the first person to suggest the compiling of the Qur'an. Deeply affected by the numerous huffaz and qurraa who were martyred in the battle of Yamamah, Hadhrat Umar suggested to Hadhrat Abu Bakr r.a that "Whoever has any portion of the Qur'an written should bring it forward and thereafter the Qur'an be compiled. The Qur'an has not yet been compiled, and if wars are to continue in this manner and the remaining huffaz are martyred a serious problem will arise." 
   

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