Fiqh

Salah that needs to be repeated

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Thursday, 08 November 2007 17:14

If a makrooh-e-tahreemi is committed in the essential components of salah then the salah will have to be repeated within the prescribed time of that fardh salah. For example, a waajib act is left out in salah.

After the termination of that time it will not be necessary to repeat the salah although it will be better to repeat it. If a makrooh-e-tahreemi is committed in a matter of secondary importance in salah it will not be necessary to repeat the salah. (Shaami, vol 1, pg 307/486) 
   

The imamat of a fasiq (open sinner)

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Thursday, 08 November 2007 17:14

The imamat of a fasiq is makrooh-e-tahreemi. This means that appointing him as the imam is makrooh-e-tahreemi. If he of his own accord steps forward to lead the salah or someone else appoints him as the imam then the salah performed behind him will not need to be repeated though it will be makrooh. (Kabeeri, pg 351) Hadhrat Anas r.a. and Hadhrat Ibne Umar r.a. would perform salah behind Hajjaj bin Yusuf but there are no reports of them repeating their salah.
   

Performing nafl salah behind one performing fardh salah

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Thursday, 08 November 2007 17:13

One who has performed his fardh salah individually before the jamaat salah should join the jamaat with the intention of nafl. However, the Fajr, Asr and Maghrib salahs will be an exception to this. The reason being that it is makrooh to perform nafl salah after Fajr and Asr. With regards to Maghrib then it consists of three rakaats. If he joins the jamat he will be performing a three rakaat nafl salah which is not established and if he stands up after the salam to perform an extra rakaat then he will not be in conformity with the salah of the imam. (Kabeeri, pg 477/ Alamgiri, vol 1 pg 119)
   

Making a verbal intention

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Thursday, 08 November 2007 17:13

Making a verbal intention at the beginning of an `ibadat has not been established from the aimma-e-mujtahideen nor from the muhadditheen. However, the fuqaha have stated that it is mustahab for one who cannot gain presence of mind to make a verbal intention. The verbal intention will be in place of his presence of mind.

This is similar to the case of a dumb person who is unable to recite the Quran. His qirat will be substituted by him merely moving his tongue. (Durre Mukhtar, vol 1, pg 378)

This is also the case of a bald person on the occasion of Haj. Passing the blade over his head will be in place of shaving his hair
   

Commencing the sajda-e-tilawat from the standing posture

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Thursday, 08 November 2007 17:12

The definition of sajda-e-tilawat has been explained in Durre Mukhtar (vol 1, pg 515) as follows:

سجدتين بين تكبيرتين مسنونتين و بين قيامين مستحبين (Sajda-e-tilawat refers to two sajdas performed between two masnoon takbeers and two mustahab standings.)

We thus understand that saying Allahu Akbar before and after the sajda is masnoon and commencing the sajda from the standing posture and returning to the standing posture after the sajda is mustahab.
   

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