Fiqh

A muqtadi sending durood on hearing the verse "Muhammad is the messenger of Allah"

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Thursday, 08 November 2007 17:17

If the imam had recited the ayat: مُحَمَّدٌ رَّسُوْلُ الله وَالَّذِيْنَ مَعَه and on hearing it the muqtadi1 recited durood shareef, his salah will be nullified. However, if the muqtadi read durood shareef without hearing the name of Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) his salah will not be nullified.  

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(1) Person following the Imam in salah

   

Sending durood upon the name of someone other than the Prophet r

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Thursday, 08 November 2007 17:16

It is incorrect to send durood verbally or in writing upon the name or part of the name of someone whose name is Muhammad or Ahmad. The reason is that durood is exclusive for Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam) and the name Muhammad in such a case does not refer to Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). Hence, it will result in one’s sending durood to someone other than Nabi (sallallahu alayhi wasallam). (Alamgiri, vol 5, pg 315)
   

Making salam to the inmates of the grave when leaving the Graveyard

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Thursday, 08 November 2007 17:16

In reply to someone Hadhrat said that making salam to the inmates of the grave when leaving the graveyard is not established. Yes, making salam when entering the graveyard is proven. (Shaami, vol 1, pg 605)
   

Standing From the beginning of the Iqamat

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Thursday, 08 November 2007 17:15

The statements of Alamgiri, Vol 1, pg 57 and Tahtawi `Ala Maraqil-Falah, pg 151 apparently seem to support the Barelwis(1). It is stated therein, that one who enters the Musjid after the iqamat has commenced should sit until hayya `alal falaah. Thereafter, he should stand. To remain standing in the saffs before the commencement of the iqamat is makrooh.

However it is stated in Tahtawi `Alad Durril Mukhtar, vol 1, pg 322: There is no harm if one stands before the commencement of the iqamat.

Imam Muhammad رحمة الله عليه has stated in Kitabus-Salah that he asked Imam Abu Hanifah رحمة الله عليه regarding a person who stands for the salah when the iqamat commences. Imam Abu Hanifah replied that there is no harm in it. He then asked Imam Abu Hanifah regarding a person who stands for salah at the time of hayya `alal falah. He gave the same answer. We understand that these ulama did not attach much importance to this mas`ala. (2)

In Ad-Durr-ul-Mukhtar and other kitabs it is stated that if the imam enters the Musjid from the qiblah direction then the musallis should stand in their saffs as soon as they see him. And if the imam enters from the rear then as he passes each saff the people seated in that particular saff will stand so that the entire congregation is standing by the time the imam reaches his musalla.  

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(1) According to them the imam should come at the time of iqamat and sit. Thereafter he should stand at the time of hayya `alal falah.

(2) Refer to Fatawaa Mahmoodiya, vol 2, pg 115 to 117 for more details
   

The Eid and Jumuah Khutba

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Thursday, 08 November 2007 17:15

The jumuah khutbah is a pre requisite for the jumuah salah, but the eid khutbah is only sunnah. However, if one is present at the commencement of the khutbahs it will be waajib for him to listen to it. And if one had left before the commencement of the khutbah it will not be waajib to listen to it. (Al-Bahr-ur-Raaiq, vol 2, pg 158/162 )
   

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