Many questions have been received with regard to a recently published book titled “Hey! Who Am I Really?” Since many aspects in the book deal with fundamental beliefs, it was deemed necessary to explain the issues in detail in their proper perspective. The explanation will insha Allah be done in several parts.
This is Part Two of the series.
The Rooh (Soul)
The fundamental importance of following the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) cannot be overemphasized (as discussed in Part One). They are the vital link between Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and the Ummah. The Quraan Shareef was revealed upon Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) over a period of twenty three years. It was preserved and then passed on to the rest of the Ummah only through the intermediary of the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum). Just as the words of the Quraan Shareef were passed on to the Ummah by the Noble Companions (radhiyallahu ‘anhum), likewise the expositions and explanations of the verses of the Quraan Shareef given by Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) were conveyed to the Ummah by none other than the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum). Therefore, anyone who excludes the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) in his quest to understand the Quraan Shareef is bound to fall into confusion, delusion and deviation.
This is exactly what has happened to the author. He disregarded the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) and ignored their explanations and tafseer of the Quraan Shareef. Hence he committed some serious errors and blunders. Among the most serious blunders is the viewpoint expressed with regard to the rooh (soul), which totally contradicts the belief of all Muslims. The correct ‘aqeedah (belief) of the Muslims is that Allah Ta‘ala is the Sole Creator. He alone is Ever Living, is Eternal and not preceded by time. Everything in this entire universe is His creation. Included in His creation is the rooh.
While the extent of knowledge about the rooh which has been given to mankind is very limited, the Quraan Shareef makes it manifestly clear that the rooh is a created entity. When the Jews asked Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) about the reality of the rooh, Allah Ta‘ala revealed the following aayah: “And they ask you about the rooh (spirit). Say, the rooh is by the command of my Rabb; and you have not been given of knowledge but a little” (Surah Israa, v 85). The words “by the command of my Rabb” clearly mean that the rooh is brought into existence and fulfils its function by the command of Allah Ta‘ala. Just as everything else is created by the command of Allah Ta‘ala, so also is the rooh created by His command. Therefore the rooh is His creation. It is definitely not existing since eternity and certainly preceded by time.
The Creator of Everything
Allah Ta‘ala states in the Quraan Shareef: Allahu khaaliqu kulli shay’ – Allah is the Creator of everything. This would mean that everything other than Allah is His creation, whether we have knowledge of it or not, or whether it is visible or invisible. Hence, the rooh as well is a created entity and part of the creation of Allah Ta‘ala. Rejecting any clear verse of the Quraan Shareef will obviously amount to disbelief.
There is consensus (of the Sahaabah